The Veterans Review and Appeal Board is a quasi-judicial tribunal which operates independently from Veterans Affairs Canada and provides avenues of redress for applicants who are dissatisfied with a disability compensation decision. The role of the members is to fulfill the Board’s legislated mandate by hearing, determining and dealing with all applications made to the Board by Veterans, Canadian Armed Forces members, serving or released members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and their families. The applications may deal with matters of entitlement to a pension or award, assessment of the extent of a disability, or specific special awards. Members have the jurisdiction to affirm, vary or reverse the decision being reviewed or appealed; they are not bound by the previous decision.
In fulfilling this role, the members:
Members of the Board are appointed by the Governor in Council through a transparent process; they are not public servants. All members must meet pre-defined experience and education criteria and be assessed against competency-based selection criteria to ensure they have the skills and abilities to do the work of a member and to maintain the confidence of applicants in the appeal system.
The Board’s membership is dynamic and strives to include a cross section of experience and education including medical, legal, military, police, public service and other life/work experiences. All members receive specialized training on legislation, administrative law, the weighing of evidence, military issues, medical conditions, the conduct of hearings and decision writing.
Review hearings are usually conducted by two members; appeal hearings are conducted by three members who were not involved in the review hearing decision.
All members must adhere to the Code of Professional Conduct for Veterans Review and Appeal Board Members with respect to:
Members must comply with the Ethical Guidelines for Public Office Holders and Guidelines for Political Activities of Public Office Holders. The guidelines are available on the Governor in Council Appointments Web site at www.appointments-nominations.gc.ca. Opens a New Window.
Members are also subject to the Conflict of Interest Act (Opens a New Window), and must submit to the Office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner, within 60 days of appointment, a Confidential Report in which they disclose all of their assets, liabilities and outside activities. More information can be found on the Office of the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner’s Web site at http://ciec-ccie.gc.ca. Opens a New Window.
This is not a legal document. For precise, legal information, please consult the Veterans Review and Appeal Board Act and its related regulations on the Board’s Web site www.vrab-tacra.gc.ca or phone 1-800-450-8006 toll free.